\u003c/p>\u003cp class=\"picIntro\">考古出土的鐵鐐等物品 陳驥旻 攝\u003c/p>\u003cp>記者22日從廣州市海珠區南石路28號地塊考古發掘現場了解到,廣州市文物考古研究院于2020年12月起在該地塊范圍內進行考古勘探,發掘面積5000平方米,清理清代炮臺和民國監獄等重要遺存,至今考古出土鐵炮、子彈殼、鐵鐐、玻璃試劑瓶等遺物103件(套)。\u003c/p>\u003cp>廣州海珠區南石路28號地塊面積57852.6平方米,由廣州市土地開發中心負責收儲,屬于“昌崗-燕子崗”地下文物埋藏區。根據歷史文獻,該地塊原為清代鎮南炮臺、民國南石頭監獄所在。新中國成立后,南石頭監獄先后改設為新生工廠(即勞改工廠)、廣州自行車廠、廣州五羊摩托車廠。\u003c/p>\u003cp class=\"detailPic\">\u003cimg alt=\"考古發掘現場 陳驥旻 攝\" src=\"https://x0.ifengimg.com/ucms/2022_13/F5B96752504665428A7B6923AA4A45C3DB7B1AC1_size85_w700_h466.jpg\" />\u003c/p>\u003cp class=\"picIntro\">考古發掘現場 陳驥旻 攝\u003c/p>\u003cp>此次考古發掘發現,清代炮臺遺存包括灰砂圍墻、房基和鐵炮等。清理的灰砂墻長約300米、寬2.2米至2.5米、殘高0.23米至0.55米。大鐵炮一尊,長3.72米,炮口端外徑0.57米,炮體后端直徑0.77米。炮身有“道光二十三年正月 炮匠李陳霍造 監制官崖州知州 署廣州府佛山同知李 欽差大臣 署兩廣總督 文淵閣大學士……”等銘文。\u003c/p>\u003cp>廣州市文物考古研究院有關負責人稱,考古發現的炮臺遺跡,結合文獻記載,應為清代鎮南炮臺的一部分。出土大鐵炮鑄造于道光二十三年(1843年),屬鎮南炮臺遺物。鎮南炮臺相關遺跡遺物的發現,對清代廣州城防江防史的研究具有較為重要價值。\u003c/p>\u003cp class=\"detailPic\">\u003cimg alt=\"地塊原為清代鎮南炮臺、民國南石頭監獄所在 陳驥旻 攝\" src=\"https://x0.ifengimg.com/ucms/2022_13/46E952C4A3126BB23126E2EAD153F8D3164C8423_size84_w700_h466.jpg\" />\u003c/p>\u003cp class=\"picIntro\">地塊原為清代鎮南炮臺、民國南石頭監獄所在 陳驥旻 攝\u003c/p>\u003cp>民國監獄遺存主要為平面呈“井”字形的牢房基址,可確認的監倉有132間,面積最大的10.4平方米,最小的4.3平方米,殘存墻基最高約0.5米。對此,廣州市文物考古研究院有關負責人指出,結合其所在位置、歷史地圖、形制結構特點,民國監獄遺跡確認為民國南石頭監獄的相關遺存。雖然受到后期建設工程擾亂,但監獄的主體建筑——“井”字形牢房的基礎仍保存較好,可與歷史文獻相印證。\u003c/p>\u003cp>記者:程景偉\u003c/p>\u003cp>另外,現存部分監獄圍墻,尤其是興隆大街南側西段,其位置與文獻記錄高度吻合。遺址的牢房、鐵鐐、子彈殼等遺跡遺物,是大革命失敗后國民黨反動派在廣州關押、迫害、槍殺共產黨員和革命志士的直接罪證。\u003c/p>\u003cp>據悉,該地塊周邊文物資源豐富,其中車歪炮臺、海港檢疫所舊址與之相距不足0.5公里。\u003c/p>","type":"text"}],"currentPage":0,"pageSize":1},"editorName":"林寒旸"},"__env__":"production"}; var adData = {}; var staticData = 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廣州考古發現清代炮臺和民國監獄等重要遺存
廣東

廣州考古發現清代炮臺和民國監獄等重要遺存

2022年03月22日 19:56:46
來源:中國新聞網

廣州考古發現清代炮臺和民國監獄等重要遺存

廣州考古發現清代炮臺和民國監獄等重要遺存

考古出土的鐵鐐等物品 陳驥旻 攝

記者22日從廣州市海珠區南石路28號地塊考古發掘現場了解到,廣州市文物考古研究院于2020年12月起在該地塊范圍內進行考古勘探,發掘面積5000平方米,清理清代炮臺和民國監獄等重要遺存,至今考古出土鐵炮、子彈殼、鐵鐐、玻璃試劑瓶等遺物103件(套)。

廣州海珠區南石路28號地塊面積57852.6平方米,由廣州市土地開發中心負責收儲,屬于“昌崗-燕子崗”地下文物埋藏區。根據歷史文獻,該地塊原為清代鎮南炮臺、民國南石頭監獄所在。新中國成立后,南石頭監獄先后改設為新生工廠(即勞改工廠)、廣州自行車廠、廣州五羊摩托車廠。

考古發掘現場 陳驥旻 攝

考古發掘現場 陳驥旻 攝

此次考古發掘發現,清代炮臺遺存包括灰砂圍墻、房基和鐵炮等。清理的灰砂墻長約300米、寬2.2米至2.5米、殘高0.23米至0.55米。大鐵炮一尊,長3.72米,炮口端外徑0.57米,炮體后端直徑0.77米。炮身有“道光二十三年正月 炮匠李陳霍造 監制官崖州知州 署廣州府佛山同知李 欽差大臣 署兩廣總督 文淵閣大學士……”等銘文。

廣州市文物考古研究院有關負責人稱,考古發現的炮臺遺跡,結合文獻記載,應為清代鎮南炮臺的一部分。出土大鐵炮鑄造于道光二十三年(1843年),屬鎮南炮臺遺物。鎮南炮臺相關遺跡遺物的發現,對清代廣州城防江防史的研究具有較為重要價值。

地塊原為清代鎮南炮臺、民國南石頭監獄所在 陳驥旻 攝

地塊原為清代鎮南炮臺、民國南石頭監獄所在 陳驥旻 攝

民國監獄遺存主要為平面呈“井”字形的牢房基址,可確認的監倉有132間,面積最大的10.4平方米,最小的4.3平方米,殘存墻基最高約0.5米。對此,廣州市文物考古研究院有關負責人指出,結合其所在位置、歷史地圖、形制結構特點,民國監獄遺跡確認為民國南石頭監獄的相關遺存。雖然受到后期建設工程擾亂,但監獄的主體建筑——“井”字形牢房的基礎仍保存較好,可與歷史文獻相印證。

記者:程景偉

另外,現存部分監獄圍墻,尤其是興隆大街南側西段,其位置與文獻記錄高度吻合。遺址的牢房、鐵鐐、子彈殼等遺跡遺物,是大革命失敗后國民黨反動派在廣州關押、迫害、槍殺共產黨員和革命志士的直接罪證。

據悉,該地塊周邊文物資源豐富,其中車歪炮臺、海港檢疫所舊址與之相距不足0.5公里。

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